ZS6BKW wire antenna
When looking for a good multi-band HF antenna to erect at home, I initially looked at the G5RV wire antenna; it is often claimed as a match-anywhere general purpose HF antenna. Further research reveled that it was never intended to be multi-band, and had only relatively recently been 'sold' as such. An antenna that does perform how the G5RV is claimed to perform is the variant invented by It was derived by Brian Austin ZS6BKW (now G0GSF). It's essentially a shorter G5RV with improved matching network. With some care in building and siting, it can give excellent results on all bands from 80m to 6m (excluding 30m and 15m, though a good ATU will easily load the antenna on these bands too).
The ZS6BKW uses a section of ladder-line feeder as an impedance transformer to match the centre of the two wire elements to 50 Ohms at the radio end of the feeder. It's the characteristics of this ladder-line section that determine the length of the wire elements. In a coming update to this page I'll put the mathematics behind this antenna, but for now, if you use 450 Ohm ladder-line, then the wire elements need to be 13.75 meters long for a total element length of 27.5 meters.
The feeder is clamped securely between two sections of chopping board, the arms of the antenna are woven though the smaller holes in the crosspiece of the centre and then joined to the feeder via soldering. The aim is to get a good electrical connection, while also providing good mechanical stability - this thing will be anything up to 80 feet in the air in strong winds, hot sun and freezing conditions; quite possibly all three simultaneously on a typical British summer day.
The feeder was purchased from Moonraker UK, it is strong copper clad steel wire in tough ABS plastic, with window cutouts to reduce wind loading. I've used the same feeder at home for the same type of antenna for over two years with excellent results.
At this point there should be a photograph of the constructed centre piece with wires and feeder attached, but I forgot to take one.
Once the antenna was constructed it was hoisted into place, with one end up at about 80 feet above ground , the other at about 12 feet above ground with the feeder hanging directly down. This sloping configuration isn't ideal for this type of antenna, but was the best we could manage, keeping feeders and elements reasonable distances from the metal tower.
Measurements of VSWR and return loss were made with an SDR-KITS Vector Network Analyser. The VSWR trace shown displays dips in the VSWR corresponding to the amateur bands and other non-amateur bands. As yet this antenna is not optimised, the VSWR should be rather better than measured, however a decent ATU has no problems tuning from 80m to 10m.
At construction time, the feeder was cut generously, when time allows I shall return to the bunker and trim the feeder length by a inches at a time while measuring the VSWR again. This should enable a better match to 50 Ohms in the sections of the amateur bands we prefer.